Nowadays, more people are creating their own vegetable garden for a variety of reasons. Nothing beats the taste of home-grown veggies. Other reasons for growing your own vegetable garden include wanting to avoid foods laden with pesticides, avoiding GMO, or some people just enjoy gardening, people are finding reasons to get outside and grow a garden.
Garden beds can be made by wood (untreated or treated with a non-toxic preservative), rocks, or bricks. The front-to-back width should be no greater than four feet to allow for easy reach into the bed, and the depth should be at least six inches. This way, you won’t end up stepping inside the garden bed.
Four advantages to using raised beds for vegetable gardening
Improved drainage and soil volume. Many native soils have a high clay content, giving them poor drainage and tight texture. Vegetable plants require loose, friable soil and good drainage. Or, some areas might have a high concentration of rocks which does not provide enough room for vegetable roots to reach their maximum potential. Raised beds can solve both of these problems.
Improved soil structure. Unless you are fortunate to live in an area with perfect soil texture, pH, and nutrient content, raised beds will allow you to improve the soil quality. Mix a good garden soil (preferably a locally made mix) with large amounts of compost and organic matter. You can even mix in some of the native soil if it is good quality. Mixing will happen over time because earthworms enrich the soil. Continually adding organic matter to the soil will keep it in excellent condition.
More concentrated yield. Vegetables are planted closer together in a raised bed, essentially having two rows in half the space, resulting in a higher yield per square foot. Plants are accessed from either side of the bed which also prevents soil compaction by not walking within the bed.
Ease of maintenance. The border structure keeps grass and creeping plants out while giving you something to mow against or install a walking path of rocks or mulch.Working the soil, weeding, and harvesting are easier in a raised bed since it is higher.